Types of Cancer
Cancer is a disease that can originate almost anywhere in the body. The type of cancer is often named based on its origination point even if cancer has spread from that point to other areas of the body. The main types of cancer are:
The most common types of cancer occur from cells that cover the external and internal body surfaces. Lung cancer, breast cancer and colon cancer are the most common carcinomas diagnosed in the United States.
This type of cancer forms in the cells found in the sustaining tissues of the body such as bone, cartilage, fat, connective tissue and muscle.
Lymphoma is a cancer that starts in the body’s lymph nodes and tissues of the immune system.
Leukemia is a cancer found in the undeveloped blood cells that grow inside bone marrow. They have a tendency to build up in large numbers within the blood stream itself.
Breast cancer is one of the most commonly diagnosed types of cancer in women. This particular cancer tends to appear in about 122 out of every 100,000 women, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), with development beginning within the breast tissue itself. This cancer may spread into nearby lymph nodes.
Colorectal cancer involves cancer formation within the rectum, colon and small intestine. The CDC reports this form of cancer has an incident rate of about 40 cases per 100,000 people in the United States. This form of the disease is common in both men and women.
Lung and bronchus cancers form in the respiratory system and are among some of the hardest cancers to treat. The estimated incidence rate according to the CDC is about 61 cases per 100,000 people. This form of cancer can strike men and women alike.
Prostate cancer affects the prostate gland found only in men. This type of cancer has an exceptionally high survivability rate with early diagnosis. The incident rate of this form of the disease is about 128 cases per 100,000 men, according to the CDC.
Skin cancer involves the formation of cancerous cells within this largest organ of the body. An estimated 5 million people a year are treated for this disease in the United States alone, according to the Skin Cancer Foundation. This form of the disease may present on any part of the skin, including the face, back, arms and legs.