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Dr. Juan Godinez explains the different types of breast cancer

Understanding the Types of Breast Cancer

Irving, TX – May 14, 2020 – When you are diagnosed with breast cancer, your care team will need to identify the type of breast cancer you have in order to plan treatment. An in-depth evaluation will be conducted on your breast tissue samples or tumor after surgery. Breast cancer can be invasive or non-invasive. Invasive breast cancer has already spread to nearby tissues, while non-invasive (in situ) is still confined. 

“To determine your breast cancer type, doctors will look at several factors,” explained Dr. Godinez. “These include the point of origin of cancer cells, the shape of the cancer cells, how they react to hormones, and their genetic makeup.”

The common types of breast cancer include;

  • Lobular carcinoma in situ – Also known as lobular neoplasia, this is breast cancer found in the lobules. This type of breast cancer is not considered a pre-cancer or cancer because it doesn’t become invasive if untreated. Instead, lobular carcinoma only indicated that you are at high risk of developing breast cancer in the future.
  • Ductal carcinoma in situ – Ductal carcinoma in situ is non-invasive, and the abnormal cells are contained in the breast milk duct lining. It is the most common of all non-invasive breast cancers. However, ductal carcinoma in situ is not life-threatening, but it can elevate the risk of developing invasive breast cancer in the future. Its recurrences occur within 5-10 years after diagnosis.
  • Invasive ductal carcinoma – Infiltrating ductal carcinoma begins in the lining of the breast milk duct but invades the surrounding tissue. Over time, it will spread to lymph nodes and other areas of the body. Ductal carcinoma accounts for 80% of all breast cancers.
  • Invasive lobular carcinoma – Invasive lobular carcinoma forms in lobules and spreads to lymph nodes and other body parts. It accounts for about 15% of breast cancers and requires a multidisciplinary team to treat it.

Other less common and rare types of breast cancer include inflammatory breast cancer, Paget disease of the nipple, phyllodes tumor, and angiosarcoma.

“There are breast cancers that are more common than others,” continued Dr. Godinez. “Most of them begin in the lobes or ducts. Sometimes you may have a combination of different breast cancer types in one breast tumor. Always get screened annually to stay on top of your breast health.”

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